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  Nature and Hydro-Technical Monuments

Following the Paths of Nature: Natural Reserves

Large forest areas in this region appear near Sztum, Kwidzyn and Ryjewo, where forests cover steep edges of the Wisła river valley, cut with numerous ravines. The remains of the former Puszcza Sztumska (Sztum Forest) are situated near Dzierzgoń. The valley of the Liwa river is also covered with dense forests where several interesting natural reserves can be visited. One of them is “Las ŁęgowynadNogatem” (The Riverine Forest of the Nogat) located at the junction of the Wisła and the Nogat rivers, to the north of Piekło. The reserve protects unique, impenetrable, primeval marsh forests which once used to cover the lowlands and river valleys of northern Poland. This forest comes as a relic of ancient times, and it makes an unforgettable impression with its huge trees lying dry on the ground.

There is another interesting nature reserve near Sztum: “Parów Węgry”(Węgry Ravine), a natural ravine by the Nogat river, covered with beech forest. In the vicinity of Biała Góra and Dzierzgoń there are also some protected sites of xserothermic (xserophilous, steppe) plants.


Blue Ribbons and Shawls: Lakes and Rivers of the Region

Powiśle is the eastern part of Pojezierze Iławskie (Iławskie Lakeland). As its name suggests, there are numerous lakes, the biggest of which is Dzierzgoń Lake with a complex coastline and three islands. Swimming sites and beaches are plentiful here and some most recommendable ones are situated on the bicycle routes: Sowica Lake near Prabuty, Balewskie Lake near Balewo, Motława Wielka Lake near Przezmark and Kuksy Lake near Dzierzgoń.

Two largest rivers of the region are the Wisła river and its arm: the Nogat river which starts in Biała Góra. These rivers are accessible for water tourism. There is another river – the Liwa, a wild and picturesque one which winds through the whole area of Powiśle. It is a well-maintained canoeing route that surrounds Kwidzyn on its three sides and ends in Biała Góra. The Dzierzgoń river is a small river of great history. It flows across the town of the same name, and it joins Druzno Lake.


On the Route of Hydro-Technical Monuments

Powiśle and Żuławy are the area where people have been trying to tame the element of water for ages. Undoubtedly, the most fascinating hydro-technical object of historical interest is a group of sluices in Biała Góra. There are actually three objects there. The first sluice, was built in 1852. The most important, however is the chamber sluice constructed in 1916. It is used to regulate the flow of water coming from the Wisła river to the Nogat river. It is a concrete construction covered with clinker bricks. It is closed with double-leaf steel gates of manual drive. Built in 1930s on the estuary of the Liwa river to the Nogat, the small sluice is not used at present.

Few people know that a small river called Młynówka, which flows across Malbork and in the moat of the Malbork castle, springs out in Balewskie Lake, 30 kilometers from Malbork. In the 13th century Teutonic knights decided to change the course of the Młynówka river artificially. The preciseness of the former builders deserves admiration: they were able to provide the right gradient to the river on such a long distance; they also constructed a canal across field obstacles such as a stream in Jurkowice, where one of the oldest brick aqueducts in Poland can be found, next to the Gdańsk – Warszawa railway route.



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